Efficient reliable UDP unicast, UDP multicast, and IPC message transport
Under Apache License 2.0
By real-logic

java c c-plus-plus messaging ipc multicast-streams



Efficient reliable UDP unicast, UDP multicast, and IPC message transport. Java and C++ clients are available in this
repository, and a .NET client is available from a 3rd party. All
three clients can exchange messages across machines, or on the same machine via IPC, very efficiently. Message streams
can be recorded by the Archive module to persistent
storage for later, or real-time, replay. Aeron Cluster
provides support for fault-tolerant services as replicated state machines based on the
Raft consensus algorithm.

Performance is the key focus. A design goal for Aeron is to be the highest throughput with the lowest and most
predictable latency of any messaging system. Aeron integrates with
Simple Binary Encoding (SBE) for the best possible message
encoding and decoding performance. Many of the data structures used in the creation of Aeron have been factored out to
the Agrona project.

For details of usage, protocol specification, FAQ, etc. please check out the

For those who prefer to watch a video then try Aeron Messaging from
StrangeLoop 2014. Things have advanced quite a bit with performance and features, but the basic design still applies.

For the latest version information and changes see the Change Log
with Java downloads at Maven Central.

Commercial support, training, and development on Aeron is available from
[email protected] Premium features such as Solarflare ef_vi
transport bindings for a further 20-60% reduction in latency depending on usage and configuration, and security with
ATS (Aeron Transport Security) for encrypted communications is available to customers on commercial support.

How do I use Aeron?

  1. Java Programming Guide

  2. C++11 Programming Guide

  3. Best Practices Guide

  4. Monitoring and Debugging

  5. Configuration Options

  6. Channel Specific Configuration

  7. Aeron Archive (Durable/Persistent Stream Storage)

  8. Aeron Cluster (Fault Tolerant Services)

  9. Aeron Cookbook by Shaun Laurens.

How does Aeron work?

  1. Transport Protocol Specification

  2. Design Overview

  3. Design Principles

  4. Flow Control Semantics

  5. Media Driver Operation

How do I hack on Aeron?

  1. Hacking on Aeron

  2. Performance Testing

Java Build

Build the project with Gradle using this
build.gradle file.

You will require the Java 8+ to build Aeron:

Full clean and build of all modules

$ ./gradlew

C++ Build

You require the following to build the C++ API for Aeron:

Note: Aeron support is available for 64-bit Linux, OSX, and Windows.

For convenience, the cppbuild script does a full clean, build, and test of all targets as a Release build.

$ ./cppbuild/cppbuild

For those comfortable with CMake - then a clean, build, and test looks like:

$ mkdir -p cppbuild/Debug
$ cd cppbuild/Debug
$ cmake ../..
$ cmake --build . --clean-first
$ ctest

C Media Driver

By default, the C Media Driver is built as part of the C++ Build. However, it can be disabled via the CMake
option BUILD_AERON_DRIVER being set to OFF.

Note: C Media Driver is supported on Mac and Linux, the Windows version is experimental.

For dependencies and other information, see the


If you have doxygen installed and want to build the Doxygen doc, there is a nice doc target that can be used.

$ make doc


If you would like a packaged version of the compiled API, there is the package target that uses CPack. If the doc
has been built previous to the packaging, it will be included. Packages created are "TGZ;STGZ", but can be changed
by running cpack directly.

$ make package

Running Samples

Start up a media driver which will create the data and conductor directories. On Linux, this will probably be in
/dev/shm/aeron or /tmp/aeron.

$ java -cp aeron-all/build/libs/aeron-all-${VERSION}.jar io.aeron.driver.MediaDriver

Alternatively, specify the data and conductor directories. The following example uses the shared memory 'directory' on
Linux, but you could just as easily point to the regular filesystem.

$ java -cp aeron-all/build/libs/aeron-all-${VERSION}.jar -Daeron.dir=/dev/shm/aeron io.aeron.driver.MediaDriver

You can run the BasicSubscriber from a command line. On Linux, this will be pointing to the /dev/shm shared memory
directory, so be sure your MediaDriver is doing the same!

$ java -cp aeron-all/build/libs/aeron-all-${VERSION}.jar io.aeron.samples.BasicSubscriber

You can run the BasicPublisher from a command line. On Linux, this will be pointing to the /dev/shm shared memory
directory, so be sure your MediaDriver is doing the same!

$ java -cp aeron-all/build/libs/aeron-all-${VERSION}.jar io.aeron.samples.BasicPublisher

You can run the AeronStat utility to read system counters from a command line

$ java -cp aeron-all/build/libs/aeron-all-${VERSION}.jar io.aeron.samples.AeronStat

For more samples and scripts to run them, see the aeron-samples directory.

Media Driver Packaging

The Media Driver is packaged by the default build into an application that can be found here



  1. On linux, the subscriber sample throws an exception

java.lang.InternalError(a fault occurred in a recent unsafe memory access operation in compiled Java code)

This is actually an out of disk space issue.

To alleviate, check to make sure you have enough disk space.

In the samples, on Linux, this will probably be either at /dev/shm/aeron or /tmp/aeron (depending on your settings).

See this thread for a similar problem.

Note: if you are trying to run this inside a Linux Docker, be aware that, by default, Docker only allocates 64 MB to the shared memory space at /dev/shm. However, the samples will quickly outgrow this.

You can work around this issue by using the --shm-size argument for docker run or shm_size in docker-compose.yaml.

License (See LICENSE file for full license)

Copyright 2014-2021 Real Logic Limited.

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
You may obtain a copy of the License at

Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
limitations under the License.